1.0 History and Background

Photo: Parliament House in 2010
Picture taken by Zamri Salleh (USM)

The Malaysian Houses of Parliament is a building complex where the Malaysian Parliament assembles. The structure is located at the Lake Gardens in Kuala Lumpur, right next to the Malaysian National Monument. The complex comprises two parts, a 3-story main building and a 17-story tower. The main building hosts the House of Representatives and the Senate while representatives' offices are located in the tower.

Photo: Parliament House in 2010
Picture taken by Zamri Salleh (USM)

Tunku Abdul Rahman, the first Malayan Prime Minister, suggested the construction of the Houses of Parliament in December 1959. The construction of the building cost RM18 million. Construction commenced in 1961 and completed in 1963. The opening of the new Parliament building was officiated by Tuanku Syed Putra ibni Almarhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail, the third Yang di-Pertuan Agong, on November 21, 1963. The buildings have only weakly represented Malaysian government to the world, but are symbolic as that in Malaysia. The building has also been prominently featured on reverse of the first series sen coins and the first and second series M$1,000 banknotes.


The Tunku Abdul Rahman's statue was erected near the parliament square. Officially opened in 1963, the House of Representatives and the Senate are located in the building. One can catch an excellent view of the Parliament House from the National Monument at the Lake Gardens.

If one building truly symbolises the democratic system that Malaysia practises, it is the Parliament House, built in September 1962 near the Kuala Lumpur Lake Gardens. The building cost RM18mil and was the brainchild of Malaysia's first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman.

The complex consists of two parts: the main building, which is a three-storey building, and its 18-storey tower annexe. Within the building are two national assembly halls: the Dewan Rakyat (Parliament) and Dewan Negara (Senate). Although the designs of the two halls are the same, the smaller Dewan Negara has nice stained glass windows with traditional Islamic motifs.

Visitors are required to write a letter of application before visiting the place. There is also a dress code one must adhere to.

2.0 References


1. Virtual Malaysia
Available at:

2. Malaysian Explorer
Available at:

[Other Resource]

1. Document compiled by National Heritage Department. Daftar Warisan Kebangsaan.